spatie / laravel-sortable by spatie

Sortable behaviour for eloquent models
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Package Data
Maintainer Username: spatie
Maintainer Contact: freek@spatie.be (Freek Van der Herten)
Package Create Date: 2014-07-15
Package Last Update: 2019-06-17
Home Page: https://spatie.be/opensource/laravel
Language: PHP
License: MIT
Last Refreshed: 2019-07-21 03:01:36
Package Statistics
Total Downloads: 533,145
Monthly Downloads: 38,191
Daily Downloads: 1,013
Total Stars: 638
Total Watchers: 19
Total Forks: 70
Total Open Issues: 0

Sortable behaviour for Eloquent models

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This package provides a trait that adds sortable behaviour to an Eloquent model.

The value of the order column of a new record of a model is determined by the maximum value of the order column of all records of that model + 1.

The package also provides a query scope to fetch all the records in the right order.

Spatie is a webdesign agency in Antwerp, Belgium. You'll find an overview of all our open source projects on our website.

Installation

This package can be installed through Composer.

composer require spatie/eloquent-sortable

Usage

To add sortable behaviour to your model you must:

  1. Implement the Spatie\EloquentSortable\Sortable interface.
  2. Use the trait Spatie\EloquentSortable\SortableTrait.
  3. Optionally specify which column will be used as the order column. The default is order_column.

Example

use Spatie\EloquentSortable\Sortable;
use Spatie\EloquentSortable\SortableTrait;

class MyModel extends Eloquent implements Sortable
{

    use SortableTrait;

    public $sortable = [
        'order_column_name' => 'order_column',
        'sort_when_creating' => true,
    ];
    
    ...
}

If you don't set a value $sortable['order_column_name'] the package will assume that your order column name will be named order_column.

If you don't set a value $sortable['sort_when_creating'] the package will automatically assign the highest order number to a new model;

Assuming that the db-table for MyModel is empty:

$myModel = new MyModel();
$myModel->save(); // order_column for this record will be set to 1

$myModel = new MyModel();
$myModel->save(); // order_column for this record will be set to 2

$myModel = new MyModel();
$myModel->save(); // order_column for this record will be set to 3


//the trait also provides the ordered query scope
$orderedRecords = MyModel::ordered()->get(); 

You can set a new order for all the records using the setNewOrder-method

/**
 * the record for model id 3 will have record_column value 1
 * the record for model id 1 will have record_column value 2
 * the record for model id 2 will have record_column value 3
 */
MyModel::setNewOrder([3,1,2]);

Optionally you can pass the starting order number as the second argument.

/**
 * the record for model id 3 will have record_column value 11
 * the record for model id 1 will have record_column value 12
 * the record for model id 2 will have record_column value 13
 */
MyModel::setNewOrder([3,1,2], 10);

To sort using a column other than the primary key, use the setNewOrderByCustomColumn-method.

/**
 * the record for model uuid '7a051131-d387-4276-bfda-e7c376099715' will have record_column value 1
 * the record for model uuid '40324562-c7ca-4c69-8018-aff81bff8c95' will have record_column value 2
 * the record for model uuid '5dc4d0f4-0c88-43a4-b293-7c7902a3cfd1' will have record_column value 3
 */
MyModel::setNewOrderByCustomColumn('uuid', [
   '7a051131-d387-4276-bfda-e7c376099715',
   '40324562-c7ca-4c69-8018-aff81bff8c95',
   '5dc4d0f4-0c88-43a4-b293-7c7902a3cfd1'
]);

As with setNewOrder, setNewOrderByCustomColumn will also accept an optional starting order argument.

/**
 * the record for model uuid '7a051131-d387-4276-bfda-e7c376099715' will have record_column value 10
 * the record for model uuid '40324562-c7ca-4c69-8018-aff81bff8c95' will have record_column value 11
 * the record for model uuid '5dc4d0f4-0c88-43a4-b293-7c7902a3cfd1' will have record_column value 12
 */
MyModel::setNewOrderByCustomColumn('uuid', [
   '7a051131-d387-4276-bfda-e7c376099715',
   '40324562-c7ca-4c69-8018-aff81bff8c95',
   '5dc4d0f4-0c88-43a4-b293-7c7902a3cfd1'
], 10);

You can also move a model up or down with these methods:

$myModel->moveOrderDown();
$myModel->moveOrderUp();

You can also move a model to the first or last position:

$myModel->moveToStart();
$myModel->moveToEnd();

You can swap the order of two models:

MyModel::swapOrder($myModel, $anotherModel);

Grouping

If your model/table has a grouping field (usually a foreign key): id,user_id, title, order_column and you'd like the above methods to take it into considerations, you can create a buildSortQuery method at your model:

  public function buildSortQuery()
    {
        return static::query()->where('user_id', $this->user_id);
    }

This will restrict the calculations to fields value of the model instance.

Tests

The package contains some integration/smoke tests, set up with Orchestra. The tests can be run via phpunit.

vendor/bin/phpunit

Changelog

Please see CHANGELOG for more information on what has changed recently.

Contributing

Please see CONTRIBUTING for details.

Security

If you discover any security related issues, please email freek@spatie.be instead of using the issue tracker.

Postcardware

You're free to use this package, but if it makes it to your production environment we highly appreciate you sending us a postcard from your hometown, mentioning which of our package(s) you are using.

Our address is: Spatie, Samberstraat 69D, 2060 Antwerp, Belgium.

We publish all received postcards on our company website.

Credits

Alternatives

Support us

Spatie is a webdesign agency based in Antwerp, Belgium. You'll find an overview of all our open source projects on our website.

Does your business depend on our contributions? Reach out and support us on Patreon. All pledges will be dedicated to allocating workforce on maintenance and new awesome stuff.

License

The MIT License (MIT). Please see License File for more information.